The Relationship Between Diabetes and Gum Disease

One of the reasons diabetes is so dangerous is that it affects nearly all parts of the body. People struggling with the condition are liable to have problems with their kidneys, heart, and eyes. They are also at a higher risk of suffering from gum diseases; diabetics are 4 times more likely to have gum disease than a non-diabetic. Here’s why:

Thicker blood vessels

One of the complications that come with diabetes is the thickening of the patient’s blood vessels. Blood vessels carry oxygen and nutrients to tissues in the body, and when the vessels get too thick, the flow of nourishment to parts of the body becomes slower. The speed at which dangerous waste is removed from the body also slows down. As a result, the gums and jawbone tissues become weaker and more vulnerable to infection.

Bacterial growth

Sugar provides a good breeding ground for bacteria and when the glucose level in the blood is high, the glucose level in the saliva is high too. This allows germs to grow, increasing the likelihood of gum disease.

Poor diabetic control

Diabetes increases the risk of gum disease when it is poorly managed, and diabetics who control their sugar levels well are less vulnerable. If you maintain the right blood sugar level at all times, then there is less chance of bacteria buildup in your mouth. Diabetic children are at higher risk since they are likelier to have poor control over the condition.

At the early stages, gum disease has no visible symptoms. If you are a diabetic and you are unsure of your dental health, please visit Lone Star Dental Center in Texas. Call 281-233-0333 to make an appointment.

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